The coronavirus pandemic has held up a “mirror to the structural racism” in the UK’s labour market, the TUC has said, as a study reveals that jobless rates among black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) groups are double the rate for white people.
There are 1.74 million people out of work across the UK, the highest level in five years, and business shutdowns are disproportionately affecting women and ethnic minorities.
The TTUC said analysis of official unemployment statistics showed one in 10 women of colour were out of work, and the overall BAME unemployment rate had risen from 5.8% to 9.5% between the final quarter of 2019 and the same time last year.
Over the same period, the unemployment rate for white workers rose from 3.4% to 4.5%, according to the study.
The analysis comes after unions, charities and campaigners signed a joint statement calling on Boris Johnson to take action to end structural racism and inequality.
The TUC general secretary, Frances O’Grady, said: “This pandemic has held up a mirror to the structural racism in our labour market and wider society.” She said workers of colour had borne the brunt of the economic impact of Covid-19, losing their jobs twice as quickly as white workers.
“When BME workers have held on to their jobs, we know that they are more likely to be working in low-paid, insecure jobs that put them at greater risk from the virus. This is evidence of the structural discrimination which has led to a disproportionate BME death rate from coronavirus,” O’Grady said.
“This crisis has to be a turning point. As we emerge from the pandemic, we can’t allow these inequalities in our workplaces and our society to remain. Ministers must stop delaying and challenge the systemic racism and inequality that holds back BME people.”
Ahead of next week’s budget, research by the charitable trust Hope Not Hate also found that BAME communities had taken the hardest economic hit during the pandemic.
A poll conducted by the charity found that one in five BAME people had lost their job, with a large proportion (22%) saying this was due to the virus. In comparison, in a nationally representative poll carried out a short time earlier, 13% of white respondents polled said they had lost their job.
Thirty-four per cent of BAME people said they had their hours reduced, compared with 23% of white respondents in the national poll. A quarter of BAME people (25%) said they had applied for universal credit, and nearly one in five (19%) said they had to use a food bank.
The charity called on the chancellor to extend the furlough scheme to avoid a “cliff-edge fall” in employment. “The consistent racial inequity that we have seen throughout the pandemic – across measures of health and education outcomes and, as our polling shows, employment, financial security, housing and general wellbeing – are not random,” said Rosie Carter, the charity’s senior policy officer.
“It’s clear that more needs to be done to address systemic discrimination which underpins these growing gaps. The phrase ‘build back better’ has become the government mantra to getting the economy back on track, but there’s no way that building back can be ‘better’ unless it is also fairer.”
A government spokesman said: “Before the pandemic we had made solid progress on lifting the employment rate to a record high for black, Asian and ethnic minority people, and we remain committed to these efforts.
“Our Plan for Jobs will play an important part in giving people from all backgrounds a good start on their journey back to employment by increasing work coaches to 27,000 and investing £2bn on the Kickstart scheme to create opportunities for young people as we build back fairer.”